Manning's Equation Calculator / Software
The open channel flow software website
LMNO Engineering Home Page Manning
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The Manning Equation is the most commonly used equation to analyze open channel flows. It is a semi-empirical equation for simulating water flows in channels and culverts where the water is open to the atmosphere, i.e. not flowing under pressure, and was first presented in 1889 by Robert Manning. The channel can be any shape - circular, rectangular, triangular, etc. The units in the Manning equation appear to be inconsistent; however, the value k has hidden units in it to make the equation consistent. The Manning Equation was developed for uniform steady state flow (see Discussion and References for Open Channel Flow). S is the slope of the energy grade line and S=hf/L where hf is energy (head) loss and L is the length of the channel or reach. For uniform steady flows, the energy grade line = the slope of the water surface = the slope of the bottom of the channel.
The product A/P is also known as the hydraulic radius, Rh.
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